IoT or the internet of things is characterized as a forthcoming innovation that empowers us to control equipment gadgets through the Internet. Homes of the next generation will become more and more self-controlled and mechanized because of the solace it gives, particularly when utilized in a private home. It is not easy to observe and monitor your power utilization for verification regularly, since it has become a tedious task to check the meter every day. It is also very important to know whether you are charged likewise so the need is very sure.
Here we design an IoT-based power monitoring system for real-time monitoring of power for the users via IoT. This system is capable of measuring and analyzing the electrical parameters such as voltage, current, active power, and energy consumption of loads. Our proposed system utilizes an energy meter with a microcontroller system to monitor energy utilization utilizing a meter.
Hence this system allows the user to effortlessly check the units consumed, estimated cost, Line Voltage, and current consumed from anywhere through the site. In this way, the energy meter observing framework enables clients to adequately screen power meter readings and check the charging on the IoT effortlessly.
BENEFITS OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:
- IOT Based Energy Monitoring System to monitor the Real Power and other Energy Parameters
- Indicate when there is any variation for slandered power consumption.
- Know the issue in real time and take corrective action immediately.
- Measure the exact Energy Saving achieved by each new project implemented.
- Provide the Performance Reports of your Plant and Equipment’s daily, weekly or monthly.
- Know your energy bill before given by Discom and get the breakup of energy share of different equipment’s.
- Can be used not only for power monitoring, but also can monitor other parameters like Flow, Pressure, temperature, Thermal Energy etc.
- No need for manual labor for collecting monthly power consumption data on individual houses or industries and power generation companies
- Consumers can keep track of their energy consumption and may able to cut down power consumption to save on the bills.
In this project, the energy consumption can be monitored, and therefore the cost and the regular usage of Power consumption are informed to the user to overcome high bill usage. The Energy meter shows the number of units consumed and transfers the data to both the customer and to the electrical board so this helps in reducing manpower. Moreover, the user can check their Power usage from anywhere and at any time interval.
The proposed system comprises monitoring, communication, and analysis units. The monitoring setup comprises ACS712 current sensors and a voltage sensing circuit connected to consumer loads. The communication unit consists of an Arduino and WiFi module. The analysis unit is a remote application on consumer mobile. WiFi-based node is deployed that consists of a consumer’s load, voltage and current sensors, Arduino UNO, and wifi (ESP-8266) communication module. The Arduino is interfaced with sensors to gather load data and saves it in internal memory.
Finally, the WiFi fetches load data from Arduino through a UART interface and communicates the load data with the server.WiFi module functions as a pathway between the monitoring side and the web scan be access to obtain voltage and currents, load profiles, energy consumption, etc. LCD Display is used for the real-time results of the load and the wifi module communicates load data to the ThingSpeak application. The IoT is used to Turn on/off the household appliances using relay and Arduino interfacing. The objective of this system is to monitor the amount of electricity consumed. The distributor and the consumer will be benefitted by eventually reducing the total power consumption.
- ARDUINO UNO:
This microcontroller is open-source based on the Microchip ATmega328P developed by Arduino. cc. The current version of Arduino Uno comes with a USB interface, 14 digital I/O pins, 6 analog pins, an ICSP header, 16 MHz ceramic resonators, a power jack, and a reset button. And an Atmega328 microcontroller is used to connect the external circuits.
- CURRENT SENSOR-ACS712
ACS712 provides economical and precise solutions for AC or DC current sensing in industrial, commercial, and communications systems. ACS712 is designed as a fully integrated, Hall-effect-based linear sensor IC that can sense up to 30A of current flow. This device operates at a supply voltage of 5V in which output is proportional to AC or DC current. The devices can be survived up to 5 times overcurrent conditions due to their thick copper conductor and signal traces.
- VOLTAGE SENSOR:
A voltage sensor is a conventional method used to determine, monitor, and measure the supply of voltage in a device. Voltage sensors can sense both AC and DC voltages. Voltage sensors are highly precise sensors that work on the principle of the potential divider rule. As a result, it reduces the input voltage by a factor of 5. This allows us to use the analog input pin of microcontrollers to observe the voltage above the threshold level. With a small compact device, both voltage and current measurement are combined to a single physical device.
A relay is designed as an electrically operated switch. Many relays operate with an electromagnet to mechanically operate a switch. Relays functions where it’s necessary to regulate a circuit by a low-power signal. This is performed with complete electrical isolation between control and controlled circuits, or several circuits that should be controlled by one signal. This 5V Relay is an automatic control circuit and to control a high-current using a low-current signal. The input voltage of the relay signal ranges from 0 to 5V. This 5V RELAY is controlled directly by Microcontroller Arduino.
- LCD DISPLAY:
Displaying information is one of the crucial steps in electronic projects. So using LCDs has always been one of the most popular ways to display information. This 1602 LCD module is a very popular display. 16*2 LCD module consists of 16 columns and 2 rows, so it has 32 (16*2) characters in total.
- WiFi MODULE:
ESP8266 Wifi Module AP & Station Remote Serial Wireless IoT Board designed based on an integrated chip specifically to fulfill the needs of a new connected world. It can handle all the necessary overhead for communicating with your network, such as TCP/IP stack and communicating with your 802.11 networks.
We are living in a technology-based society where we have lots of innovative ideas day by day. These new innovations in IoT communications-based projects, strive constantly to share and gather insight on the latest trends in the industrial IoT landscape. In conclusion, the objective of this project is to build a system that can monitor power parameters by the wireless system and IoT. Here we design an IoT-based power monitoring system for real-time monitoring of power for the users via IoT. This system is capable of measuring and analyzing the electrical parameters such as voltage, current, active power, and energy consumption of loads. Our proposed system utilizes an energy meter with a microcontroller system to monitor energy utilization utilizing a meter. Thereby helping the consumer to track their energy consumption and may be able to cut down power consumption to save on the bills. Also, there is no need for manual labor for collecting monthly power consumption data on individual houses or industries and power generation companies. Thereby provides real-time monitoring and a rapid alert system to produce an efficient platform for saving energy.