The MPU-6050 is a sensor based on Micro Electrical Mechanical System (MEMS) technology. In this sensor module, the 3-axis accelerometer and the 3-axis gyroscope embedded in a single chip using I2C protocol via the serial clock (SCL) and data (SDA). MPU-6050 measures the acceleration, velocity, orientation, displacement, and much other motion-related parameters of a system or an object. An onboard Digital Motion Processor in this module used to process the 6 axis fusion algorithm. Thus provide a complete 9 axis motion fusion output by accessing the external magnetometer.
The MPU6050 sensor has 8pins, the pins are following VCC, GND, SCL, SDA, XDA, SCL, AD0, INT. This sensor chip operates at a voltage of 3.3V but a voltage regulator on the GY-521 board allows you to give it up to 5V. The devices designed in a 4 mm x 4 mm x 0.9 mm QFN package. The MPU-6050 features a user-programmable gyroscope that allows a full-scale range of ±250, ±500, ±1000, and ±2000°/sec (DPS). Also provides a user-programmable accelerometer full-scale range of +/-2G to +/- 16G. I2C communications at up to 400kHz supported with a VLOGIC pin that defines its interface voltage levels.
The MPU-6050 known as the world’s first Motion Tracking device designed specifically for the low power, low cost, and high-performance requirements of smartphones, tablets, and wearable sensors. The module also consists of two auxiliary pins to interface external IIC modules like a magnetometer. Since this IIC address is configurable, more than one MPU6050 sensor can be interfaced to a Microcontroller using the AD0 pin.
- Used for IMU measurement
- Drones / Quad copters
- Self balancing robots
- Robotic arm controls
- Humanoid robots
- Tilt sensor
- Orientation / Rotation Detector